What Did He Actually Change the Water into?

Communion Cup

I was sitting in a coffee shop doing my thing.  There is one that I like because it has a huge table where you can lay out a copy of a whole page of a Byzantine manuscript.  It is handy.  For the price of a cup of coffee you can rent a scriptorium.   A woman noticed that the letters looked a little “out-of-townish” and I could see that there was a question about to come out rather Mt. Vesuvius like.

Her name was Karen and she said and then asked me this, “My church is having a rather heated discussion.   When Jesus turned the water into wine, was that ‘grape juice’ or wine?”    I opened to John 2:9 in Greek which I carry with me in a more manageable format.  It reads:

John 2:9, “ὡς δὲ ἐγεύσατο ὁ ἀρχιτρίκλινος τὸ ὕδωρ οἶνον γεγενημένον, καὶ οὐκ ᾔδει πόθεν ἐστίν, οἱ δὲ διάκονοι ᾔδεισαν οἱ ἠντληκότες τὸ ὕδωρ, φωνεῖ τὸν νυμφίον ὁ ἀρχιτρίκλινος.”

There it is, “….  ὕδωρ οἶνον γεγενημένον.”   The water to wine part is this, “ὕδωρ οἶνον.”   The water word there is “ὕδωρ,” while the ” … to wine part is, “οἶνον.”

That word there for “… to wine” is the standard Greek word for wine. 

Yes, individual people have problems with wine.  We also live in a world with factories and mechanized vineyards, so we can over produce, and the body is weak to it, but the actual word there means real wine.   According to John 2:9, Jesus turned a small swimming pool sized amount of water into real wine.

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